Kasuwar Kayan Daular Diamond, gasa tsakanin fasaha da soyayya

Lu'u-lu'u wanda aka ƙera da hannu ya fito tun farkon shekarun 1950. Koyaya, har zuwa kwanan nan, farashin masana'antun noman lu'u lu'u ya fara zama ƙasa da ƙasa fiye da farashin ma'adinan ma'adinan.

Sabbin cigaban kimiyya da kere-kere sun matukar rage farashin masana'antun lu'ulu'un da aka samar da dakin gwaje-gwaje. Gabaɗaya, farashin noman lu'u-lu'u ya ƙasa da 30% zuwa 40% ƙasa da farashin ma'adinan ma'adinan. Wannan gasa, wa zai zama mai nasara na ƙarshe? Shin lu'ulu'u ne wanda aka halicce shi a ƙasan ƙasa, ko kuwa noman lu'ulu'u ne wanda fasaha ta ƙirƙira shi?

Labaran da ke narkar da lu'u lu'u da lu'u lu'u na ma'adinan suna da nau'ikan jiki, da sinadarai, da kayan haɗin gani kuma suna kama da lu'ulu'u na ma'adinai. A cikin matsanancin zazzabi da muhallin matsin lamba, leburori suna haɓaka lu'ulu'u don yin koyi da matakan ma'adinan ma'adanai, suna girma daga ƙananan diamondan tsaran lu'u-lu'u zuwa manyan lu'u-lu'u. Yana ɗaukar weeksan makonni kaɗan don haɓaka lu'ulu'u a cikin dakin gwaje-gwaje. Kodayake lokacin da ake hakar lu'u-lu'u kusan iri daya ne, lokacin da ya dauka kafin ya samar da lu'ulu'u a karkashin kasa ya samo asali ne tun shekaru aru-aru.

Noman lu'ulu'u har yanzu yana cikin ƙuruciya a cikin kasuwar kasuwancin gemstone.

A cewar rahotanni daga Kamfanin saka hannun jari na Morgan Stanley Investment Company, ya nuna cewa saida lu'u-lu'u wanda aka kirkiro dakin binciken ya kai dala miliyan 75 zuwa dala miliyan 220, wanda kuma shine kashi 1% kawai na cinikin lu'u lu'u a duniya. Koyaya, a shekara ta 2020, Morgan Stanley yana tsammanin cewa tallan lu'u-lu'u wanda aka samar da dakin gwaje-gwaje zai samar da kashi 15% na kasuwar ƙananan lu'u-lu'u (0.18 ko ƙasa da haka) da kuma 7.5% na manyan lu'u-lu'u (0.18-carats zuwa sama).

Samar da lu'ulu'un da aka noma shima yayi kadan a halin yanzu. Dangane da bayanai daga Frost & Sullivan Consulting, samar da lu'ulu'u a shekarar 2014 karat dubu 360 ne kacal, yayin da kayan karafa suka kai miliyan 126. Kamfanin ba da shawara yana fatan cewa bukatar mabukata don lu'u-lu'u masu tsada mai fa'ida zai haɓaka samar da lu'ulu'u wanda aka ɗaga zuwa miliyan 20 a shekarar 2018, kuma nan da shekarar 2026 zai karu zuwa miliyan 20 na karat.

CARAXY Fasaha ta Fasaha ita ce ta farko a kasuwar cikin gida don noman lu'ulu'u sannan kuma ita ce mamba ta farko ta IGDA (Internationalungiyar forasa ta Noma ta Diamonds) da za ta gudanar da kasuwanci a China. Mista Guo Sheng, shugaban kamfanin, yana da kwarin gwiwa game da ci gaban kasuwar nan gaba ta noman lu'u-lu'u.

Tun farkon kasuwancin a 2015, tallan lu'u-lu'u da CARAXY ya samar ya ninka sau uku a cikin tallace-tallace na shekara-shekara.

CARAXY na iya noma farin lu'u lu'u, lu'u lu'u lu'u, shuɗi mai duhu da lu'u lu'u lu'u lu'u. A halin yanzu, CARAXY na kokarin noman koren lu'u-lu'u. Yawancin lu'u-lu'u da ke cikin kasuwar kasar Sin ba su kai carat 0.1 ba, amma kamfanin CARAXY yana sayar da lu'ulu'u wanda zai iya kaiwa carat 5 na farin, rawaya, shuɗi da 2-karat.

Guo Sheng ya yi imanin cewa nasarorin da aka samu a cikin fasaha na iya karya iyakokin girman lu'u lu'u da launi, yayin rage farashin yanke lu'ulu'un, ta yadda masu amfani da dama za su dandana kyan lu'ulu'u.

Gasar tsakanin soyayya da fasaha ta zama mai tsananin gaske. Masu sayar da duwatsu masu daraja suna ci gaba da yin gunaguni ga masu amfani da su cewa amfani da lu'ulu'u ya haifar da mummunar illa ga mahalli, da kuma lamuran ɗabi'a da ke cikin “lu'ulu'u na jini."

Kamfanin Diamond Foundry, wani kamfani mai farautar lu'u-lu'u a Amurka, yayi ikirarin cewa kayayyakinsa suna da "kwarjini kamar yadda kimarku take." Leonardo DiCaprio (Little Plum), wanda ya yi fice a fim din 2006 na Diamond Diamonds, yana ɗaya daga cikin masu saka hannun jari a kamfanin.

A shekarar 2015, manyan kamfanonin hakar lu'u-lu'u guda bakwai a duniya sun kafa DPA (ofungiyar Maƙeran Diamond). A cikin 2016, sun ƙaddamar da kamfen mai suna “Real is rare. Rare lu'ulu'u ne. ”

Babban kamfanin hakar ma'adinai De Beers ya ba da kashi ɗaya bisa uku na tallace-tallace na duniya, kuma ƙaton yana da mummunan fata game da lu'ulu'u na roba. Jonathan Kendall, shugaban De Beers International Diamond Grading and Research Institute, ya ce: “Mun gudanar da bincike mai yawa game da mabukata a duniya kuma ba mu gano cewa masu sayen suna neman lu’ulu’u na roba ba. Suna son lu'ulu'u na halitta. . ”

 ”Idan na baka lu'u-lu'u na roba kuma nace ina son ka, ba za'a taba ka ba. Lu'u-lu'u masu daɗin roba ba su da arha, abin haushi, ba sa iya bayyana wani motsin rai, kuma ba za su iya bayyana cewa ina ƙaunarku ba. ” Kendall ya kara hanya.

Nicolas Bos, shugaban da Shugaba na kayan ado na Faransa Van Cleef & Arpels, ya ce samar da Van Cleef & Arpels ba zai taɓa yin amfani da lu'ulu'u na roba ba. Nicolas Bos ya ce al'adar Van Cleef & Arpels ita ce a yi amfani da lu'ulu'u ne kawai na ma'adanai, kuma dabi'u masu daraja da kungiyoyin masu sayayya ke bayarwa ba shi ne dakin gwaje-gwaje da ke samar da lu'ulu'u ba.

Wani banki ne da ba a san sunansa ba na bankin saka jari na kasashen waje da ke kula da hada hadar kamfanoni da kuma sayen kayayyaki ya fada a wata hira da jaridar China Daily cewa, tare da ci gaba da sauya tunanin masu amfani da shi da kuma asarar sannu a hankali mai dorewa ta "lu'u-lu'u", kasuwar da za ta ci gaba da tashi. Saboda lu'ulu'un da aka ƙera ta wucin gadi da kuma ma'adinan da aka haƙo na halitta daidai suke a cikin bayyanar, masu saye suna da sha'awar farashin mafi tsada na lu'ulu'un da aka noma.

Koyaya, ma'aikacin bankin sun yi imanin cewa amfani da lu'ulu'u na iya zama mafi dacewa da saka hannun jari, saboda raguwar lu'ulu'u na ma'adinai zai sa farashin su ya hauhawa koyaushe. Manyan-carat lu'u-lu'u da ƙananan lu'u lu'u lu'u lu'u lu'u suna zama zukatan masu arziki kuma suna da darajar saka hannun jari. Ya yi imanin cewa noman dakin adana lu'u-lu'u ya zama ƙarin tallafi ga kasuwar masu siyen masarufi.

Bincike ya kiyasta cewa yawan lu'ulu'un da aka haƙo zai ƙare a shekarar 2018 ko 2019, bayan haka samarwar zai ragu a hankali.

Kendall ya yi ikirarin cewa samar da lu'ulu'u na De Beers zai iya tallafawa "'yan shekarun da suka gabata", kuma yana da matukar wahala a sami sabon babban ma'adanin lu'u-lu'u.

Guo Sheng ya yi amannar cewa saboda kwarin gwiwar da mabukata ke ciki, kasuwar zoben bikin aure na fuskantar kalubale ga dakunan gwaje-gwaje don noman lu'u-lu'u, amma kamar yadda kayan ado na yau da kullun da kayan kwalliya ke sawa, tallace-tallace na lu'ulu'u da aka samar da dakin gwaje-gwaje sun bunkasa cikin sauri.

Idan ana siyar da duwatsu masu daraja ta abubuwa masu ƙyanƙyau a cikin duwatsu masu daraja, tashin kasuwar da ake taƙamawa da duwatsu masu daraja ma wata barazana ce ga masu amfani.

De Beers sun kashe kuɗi da yawa a cikin fasahar binciken lu'u-lu'u. Sabbin kayan aikin duba lu'u-lu'u, AMS2, za'a samesu a wannan watan Yuni. Wanda ya gabace AMS2 ya kasa gano lu'ulu'u kasa da 0.01 carat, kuma AMS2 yasa aka samu damar gano lu'u lu'u karami kamar kimanin karat 0.003.

Don rarrabewa da lu'ulu'u na ma'adinai, kayayyakin CARAXY duk ana lakafta su a matsayin waɗanda suka girma a dakin gwaje-gwaje. Dukansu Kendall da Guo Sheng sun yi amannar cewa yana da muhimmanci a kare da haɓaka kwarin gwiwar masu amfani da kasuwa don masu sayen kayan kwalliya su san irin lu'ulu'u da suke saya da tsada.


Post lokacin: Jul-02-2018